chapter  2
43 Pages

Nation, state, “democracy”: How the breakdown of the traditional order led to the modern world

We explore the process of modernization – both the indigenous

development of the phenomenon in the West as well as imported

development that occurred sometimes forcibly in much of the rest of the

world. Modern political systems are based on a sense of nationalism, an

effective bureaucratically rational state administration, and a belief in active

citizenship rather than merely passive obedience. These characteristics did

not develop all at once. Nor was their development smooth and painless.