Nation, state, “democracy”: How the breakdown of the traditional order led to the modern world
We explore the process of modernization – both the indigenous
development of the phenomenon in the West as well as imported
development that occurred sometimes forcibly in much of the rest of the
world. Modern political systems are based on a sense of nationalism, an
effective bureaucratically rational state administration, and a belief in active
citizenship rather than merely passive obedience. These characteristics did
not develop all at once. Nor was their development smooth and painless.