The pronoun zich is a reﬂexive pronoun. It occurs with reﬂexive verbs such as zich schamen ‘to be ashamed’ or with verbs that can be reﬂexive or not, for example zich wassen ‘to wash oneself’. For an overview on reﬂexive verbs, see Basic Dutch, Unit 21. The pronoun zelf can be connected to reﬂexive and personal pronouns to emphasize a contrast between self and other. The pronoun elkaar ‘each other’ is a reciprocal pronoun.