Note: Most of these adverbs speak for themselves and have equivalents in English. Some are more difﬁcult to translate literally into English, such as pas. As you notice in the examples, this word can have different meanings depending on the context (either ‘recently’ or ‘not until’, ‘not for’). A word about straks: It means ‘later, but on the same day’. Saying tot straks ‘see you later’ means you will see the other person again the same day. Otherwise you’d have to say tot morgen ‘see you tomorrow’, tot volgende week ‘see you next week’, tot de volgende keer ‘see you next time’, etc.