chapter  1
24 Pages


During the second half of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first, visible markers of the past – plaques, information boards, museums, monuments – have come to populate more and more land-and cityscapes. History has been gathered up and presented as heritage – as meaningful pasts that should be remembered; and more and more buildings and other sites have been called on to act as witnesses of the past. Many kinds of groups have sought to ensure that they are publicly recognised through identifying and displaying ‘their’ heritage. At the same time, museums and heritage sites have become key components of ‘place-marketing’ and ‘imagemanagement’; and cultural tourism has massively expanded, often bringing visitors from across the world to places that can claim a heritage worth seeing.