A material matter
It is essential that any analysis of whole life value considers three basic ingredients: quality, content, and choice of materials. These are the cornerstones of all buildings, and the culmination of design, speciﬁcation, procurement, construction and assembly. Looking in some depth at the constituent elements of the common groups of
materials can help identify some of the important issues:
concrete stone and masonry steel other metals timber other natural materials man-made materials.