Dissociation, Trauma, and Development
Anna O . , a patient of Breuer and Freud's, suffered from a dissociative disorder (Kluft, 1992). Freud's biographer, Jones (1953) indicated that Anna O . had "two distinct states of consciousness . . . a case of double personality. The transition from one to the other was marked by a phase of autohypnosis" (p. 223). Freud shifted from dissociation as a significant theme in psychopathology to the concept of repression when he rejected the seduction hypothesis in 1897 and replaced the paradigm of original trauma with conflict theory.