Approaches to Counseling Older Adults
Counselors attend to and adapt their approaches to working with a client based on the client’s developmental changes in later life, the particular cohort to which the client belongs, and the social context in which the client lives (Knight & Satre, 1999). Knight’s (1996, cited in Knight & Satre, 1999) contextual, cohort-based, maturity-speci›c change model of later life suggests that older adults are more mature than younger people in many ways and also face particular challenges that are relatively unique in later life. Examples are dealing with the death of loved ones or with multiple chronic medical conditions. Furthermore, older adults belong to a particular cohort with a collection of experiences, memories, and norms that differ from those of the present. As such, we will address issues of maturation, cohort, and social context.