Hybrid and Hyphenated Reading Queer Narratives
In the last decade, gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people ofIndian background have become increasingly visible within India and in countries such as the United States. In her address at the tribunal on human rights violations against sexual minorities, sponsored by the International
Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission in October 1995 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, Anuja Gupta, activist and representative for India, testified on two accounts.4 She detailed the persecution of lesbians and gay men, and their consequent vulnerability to HIV infections. Gupta also described the emergence of a gay and lesbian movement in India, which she says exacerbates state-sponsored and societal violence against gays and lesbians. This increasing and contentious visibility of a gay and lesbian movement is reflected in the publication of numerous gay magazines, reports, and newsletters; the organizing of related seminars and conferences; and television programs and films that address the issues of being gay and lesbian in India.