After AFDC and the Return of States’ Rights-Era Welfare Racism
Recent evidence indicates that the so-called race-blind welfare reform policies and practices initiated in the 1990s have a disproportionately adverse effect on members of racially oppressed groups. In many instances these ostensibly race-blind policies and practices have in fact functioned to impede, deny, or reduce the welfare eligibility and benefits of impoverished women and children of color. In some instances, racial discrimination against applicants or recipients has been quite open and direct. The bulk of this chapter is dedicated to showing that welfare racism is thriving in rural and urban settings across the nation.