chapter  3
Asia: freedom birds and water buffaloes
Pages 19

Asia provides fewer, but no less significant, examples of female participation in terrorist organizations. Although Asian women do not labor under the restrictions of machismo and marianismo, many are bound by equally limiting cultural prohibitions, such as rigid patriarchies and Confucian social norms. These restrictions often persist beyond the lifespan of the terrorist movements, resulting in few post-insurgency improvements in women’s status; however, traditional gender roles have failed to limit women’s activities during the insurgency period within Asia’s domestic terrorist movements.