chapter  2
The Americas: new women in a new world
Pages 39

The Americas, particularly Latin America, provide numerous examples of terrorist groups and female participation within them. This study contends that the high incidence of female activity at the highest levels of Warriors and Dominant Forces is due to the domestic nature of the terrorist groups, which offer opportunities for women to challenge the status quo and improve their traditional gender roles. Some scholars (Jaquette 1973; Stoltz Chinchilla 1997) offer an alternative explanation that high levels of female participation can be explained by the leftist nature of these political movements; however, although these groups often espoused feminist principles, they often did little to improve women’s circumstances or political representation. Because of this, “The region has a long history of women’s political mobilization” (Tickner 2001: 108-9).