Migration and Health in Africa and the African Diaspora
Thi s chapter uses published epidemiological reports to compare health status between various population groups in Africa and the African Diaspora. Health status can be measured by infant mortality rates, life expectancy, and the incidence and prevalence of selected communicable and non-communicable conditions, including heart disease and cancers, as well as a variety of other measures. Increases or decreases in the risk of both communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases may occur with migration. Infectious disease risk is associated with many types of population mobility, such as long-term migration to low-income or high-income countries, urbanization, and short-term travel.1 Chronic disease risk is associated with changes in diet, lifestyle, and environmental exposures.