chapter  10
31 Pages

Rationality, habits and freedom: Patrick Suppes

Contrary to much folklore psychology and the implicit assumption of many philosophers, we are almost entirely unaware or unconscious ofour detailed thinking processes. What we have excellent knowledge of is the results ofthinking; often of partial results that constitute major steps in reaching a final decision about an important matter. Here is a relatively brief survey of the many kinds of experimental studies supporting these conclusions. They set scientific psychology in opposition to folklore psychology and numerous philosophical ideas and ideals about the rationality of practical reasoning. In fact, it is important not to imply a serious restriction to practical matters. The proper view of the unconscious nature of thinking processes applies to finding solutions to theoretical problems as well.