chapter  7
17 Pages


If a child has difficulties with these sounds only when they are in ‘clusters’ of consonants such as ‘sp’, ‘sk’, ‘sm’ and/or ‘fl’, ‘fr’ ‘thr’, refer to Chapters 13 and 14.

Fricatives are sounds made by the air being forced through a narrow gap and are commonly replaced by stops (plosives) where air is built up and suddenly released explosively. As we saw in Chapter 4, children commonly use the pattern of context sensitive voicing (CSV) in combination with stopping. It they do this the pronunciations of the target words might sound more like those listed in column three in Table 7.1.