chapter
18 Pages

Prologue

In early 1914, leaders of the American peace movement looked forward to a stimulating and fruitful summer. Caught up in the burgeoning international peace cause, they were preparing to attend one or more formal convocations of peace gatherings in Europe at which they would exchange ideas and develop plans with their European compatriots. By July 17, only a few weeks before the beginning of the Great War, a half dozen American university students were already immersed in meetings near London with scores of British peace advocates and other European young people. They faced 10 days of discussions on foreign policy issues in an ambitious program sponsored by popular internationalist writer, Norman Angell, and his like-minded British associates.