chapter  7
20 Pages

Who Did Pay?

The Chungking Men's Hospital founded by James McCartney of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1892, serves as an instructive case study of the changing balance, over time, in the source of funds for the operation of an American hospital in China. The reason for this choice is not only prosaic-annual reports are extant for ten of the twenty years (including financial details for nine) from the second report in 1893 through to 1912-but McCartney also proved himself a leader in striving for financial self-sufficiency and the policies he developed set the pattern for those who came later. Whether or not his experience at Chongqing was representative of hospitals in different parts of the country run by different religious denominations will become clear when his record is compared with survey data collected by the CMMA between 1903 and 1910.