Ripeness revisited: the push and pull of conﬂict management
Ripeness theory is intended to explain why, and therefore when, parties to a conﬂict are susceptible to their own or others’ efforts to turn the conﬂict toward resolution through negotiation. The concept of a ripe moment centers on the parties’ perception of a Mutually Hurting Stalemate (MHS) and a Way Out. The MHS provides the push to begin negotiations; the Way Out provides the pull into a negotiated solution. Once negotiations have begun, the pressure of the MHS needs to be maintained and the Way Out transformed by the parties into a resolving formula that provides a Mutually Enticing Opportunity (MEO) for agreement.