chapter  1
8 Pages

Introduction: Background to the research

From the mid to late nineteenth century, China, the world’s most populous country, descended into political corruption and economic recession because of its large population as well as many other complicated factors. Until the 1940s little fundamental change occurred in China’s economic and social development. After 1949, when the Communist Party of China (CPC) came to power, a series of quite radical ideas and political and administrative changes were introduced into Chinese society in a short period of time.