chapter  7
16 Pages

Cultural Patrimony and Native Scholars in Academia

At present, there is estimated 300 million indigenous peoples, which is about five percent of the world’s population. Indigenous peoples constitute more than 5,000 distinct peoples living in 70 countries. The largest concentrations reside in China and India, estimated at 7 percent or 80 million and 65 million of their respective populations. An estimated 13 million and 15 million people live in Central and South America, ranging from over 15,000 in Belize and 4,000 in Guyana to 8 million in Mexico and 8.6 million in Peru. There are more than 35 million indigenous people living in Africa. In the countries of Australia, New Zealand, United States, and Canada an estimated 0.25, 0.3, 1.5, and 1 million indigenous peoples live, respectively. Over 160,000 Inuit and Saami peoples live in the Arctic and Europe.1