chapter  3
30 Pages

American Indian Circular Philosophy

The Circle of Life includes all things and they consist of spiritual energy. All around us are circles and cycles. The migration patterns of animals and cycles of seasons are a part of the Natural Order of Life. The four elements of fire, water, wind, and Earth are a part of the Muscogee Creek ethos and the same four elements are a part of many tribes. From these concepts derives American Indian thought for those Native Americans who believe in their traditions.