Indian Minds and White Teachers
The set purpose of the Indian boarding school experience was to remove the native ethos from the mind of the American Indian student.3
The idea of such boarding schools for American Indian children dates back to the beginnings of the College of William and Mary, Harvard University, Dartmouth College and others that included in their purposes the education of native youth. Arguments and rhetoric for Indian education based on linear thinking have been a prolonged goal of religious groups and the United States government.4 The boarding school tradition and its long history documents the earliest Anglo attempts to usurp native thinking. Carlisle, Haskell, Chilocco, and other schools employed a missionary zeal to eradicate Indian values and the Indian languages as a means to “change” young American Indians to “think” as non-Indians for assimilation into American mainstream society.