The Uruguayan Social Policy Continuity Under Military Rule, 1973-1985
INTRODUCTION This chapter examines the remarkable resilience of the Uruguayan system of social protection. Facing a comparable economic milieu, the Uruguayan military government (1973-1985) did not follow the Chilean pattern of reform; rather it maintained many of the historical traits of the social policy model. The main objective of this chapter is to explain why, despite its similarities to the Chilean case, the Uruguayan pension, health care, and education systems were maintained under military rule. Taking evidence from the Uruguayan experience, this chapter argues that these contrasting patterns of policy variation can be explained by the dispersion of governmental authority and the ideological positions of policy makers.