Like Lawrence, Woolf is keenly aware of the ideological implications embedded in the cultural association of home and nation. In Three Guineas, for example, Woolf shows how militaristic patriotism and injustices towards those marginalized on the basis of gender, class, or nationality, are buttressed by a nationalist fiction of England as “the home of Liberty.” Thus, her famous interrogation of male patriotism from a feminist perspective stems from her critical response to the contemporary rhetoric of home and nation. Wondering, “What then . . . [of ] ‘patriotism’ which leads you to go to war?” Woolf quotes Lord Hewart, the Lord Chief Justice of England:
“But,” Woolf asks,
In Woolf ’s works, we see that her awareness of a different position in the home often enables her to have a critical perspective about the home and its
mirror image of the nation. Critically exposing the impulse to marginalize, stigmatize, or expel those less privileged in the Victorian ideal of home and nation, Woolf envisions a less exclusionary home and nation through her subversive imagination that “overflow[s] boundaries” (Three Guineas 218).