chapter  3
32 Pages

Social Equality and Social Reform in Spain

In Spain, the transition to democracy brought about both social and political secularization, and both divorce and abortion laws were reformed within a decade of Franco’s death in 1975.

The reasons for the success of the reformists in Spain lie in the interaction of relative social equality with political access. Spain, I show, had an equitable distribution of resources at democratization, and it was enhanced by access of all social groups to the media, and public regulation of campaign finance which made co-optation of politicians less possible. Both conservatives and feminists had access to political parties and institutions.