chapter  4
26 Pages

Moral Fundamentalism in Chile

Chile has been a democracy for 15 years now. No legal changes have taken place on abortion since the military regime outlawed therapeutic abortion in 1989, and a conservative divorce law was finally approved in 2004, fourteen years after democratization. During this period, we see the consolidation of integralist Catholicism on the political Right, a shift from pluralist policy postures to liberal Catholicism on the political Left, while the political Center-Christian Democratic Party-is divided between liberal (majority) and integralist Catholicism (or moral fundamentalism).1 Secular policy initiatives that have dominated Western politics in the past decades have become virtually non-existent in Chile.2