Gender and ethnicity
Among the most popular topics treated by the travelers is that of the Iranian woman and every aspect of her life. This topic is closely connected with Islam: Iranian women are viewed ﬁrst and foremost as Muslim. According to the travelers, Muslim “fanaticism” is responsible for the position of women, which is perceived as pitiable due to the seclusion, covering, polygamy, divorce regulations and the institution of temporary marriage. The travelers see these regulations as above all different from Christian, or European, ways, and therefore as unacceptable.