chapter  1
9 Pages

Setting the stage

The relationship between the two neighboring countries of Iran and Russia extends over more than a millennium. Prior to the eighteenth century, Iran and Russia treated each other as equal in their sporadic trade and diplomatic contacts. During the reign of Peter the Great (ruled 1689-1725), Russia started to pursue expansionist designs against Iran, culminating in the nineteenth century with the annexation of Iranian lands and aggressive interference into its internal affairs.