chapter  4
NATO and the Iraq intervention
Pages 43

Weapons of mass destruction - those that all the world’s top intelligence services were convinced Saddam Hussein possessed1 - became the apple of discord within NATO in the early months of 2003. Just a few days after the Prague Summit, United Nations and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) weapons inspectors deployed once again to Iraq in search of chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons and the means for their delivery, in accordance with UN Security Resolution (UNSCR) 1441 of 8 November 2002. At the time, UNSCR 1441 looked like a major diplomatic success, a compromise between the United States and France that opened the way for forceful action if Iraq did not at last provide full transparency regarding its WMD programs.