chapter  3
19 Pages

The EU foreign policy machinery

The machinery of EU external relations is highly complicated owing to the existence of different systems or pillars for different aspects of external policy (foreign and security policy, trade, development, etc.). During the 1990s and early 2000 there was a strengthening of the institutional system in Brussels that included the creation of the position of High Representative for the CFSP, a political and security committee plus a military staff and committee. There were further attempts to deepen the machinery in the constitutional treaty, but the treaty is in abeyance after the double rejection by French and Dutch voters in 2005. Nevertheless, some of the provisions in the treaty are likely to reappear, including the position of an EU foreign minister and an EU diplomatic service. The reactions of member states to these ideas are mixed. Foreign and security policy remains a very sensitive area.