chapter  2
21 Pages

Formosa: The Cross-Taiwan Strait problem

From Yalta Blueprint to San Francisco System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Wartime International Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Formosa in the Yalta Blueprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Two Chinas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 From “Intervention” to “Containment” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 British China Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Toward the “Unresolved Problem”: Disposition of Formosa in the Peace Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Early US studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 T-Documents, CAC-Documents, SWNCC Documents

Early Drafts of the Peace Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 March 1947 Draft, August 1947 Draft, November 1947 and January 1948 Drafts

Reopened Peace Preparations and Sebald’s Commentary . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 October 1949 Draft, November 1949 Draft, Sebald’s Commentary, December 1949 Draft

Dulles and Peace Treaty Drafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 August 1950 Draft, “Seven Principles”, March 1951 Draft

British Drafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 US-UK Joint Drafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

May 1951 Draft, June 1951 Draft San Francisco Peace Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66