chapter  4
Micronesia: “An American Lake”
Pages 24

From Yalta Blueprint to San Francisco System: the Cold War and Micronesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

Micronesia in the Yalta Blueprint – UN Trusteeship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Micronesia in the San Francisco System – Strategic Trust . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

The “Unresolved Problem”: Disposition of Micronesia in the Peace Treaty . . 103 Early US Studies – Behind the Yalta Blueprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

T-Documents, The US Military and Micronesia: JCS 183 Series, CAC-Documents

Behind the Establishment of the UN Trusteeship System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Strategic Trust, Micronesia as a Testing Ground, Truman’s Statements of Intent, SWNCC 59 Series

Toward an American Lake: Reactions of Concerned States and US Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

Negotiations with the USSR, UK and Australia Micronesia in the Peace Treaty Drafting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

After San Francisco: the End of Trusteeship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

The territories disposed in Article 2 (d) of the San Francisco Peace Treaty were the Pacific Islands formerly under League of Nations mandate to Japan, commonly known as Micronesia. On April 12, 1947, the United Nations Security Council decided to create the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) by placing them under its strategic trust, with the USA as the administrative authority. The TTPI was one of 11 trusteeships established by the UN after the Second World War, but the only one designated a “strategic area.” Japan, not a member of the UN at that time, accepted the decision in the Treaty.