People and Pressure
Today the two most populous countries, China and India, have between them more inhabitants than the whole world had in 1930. Both countries are in Asia, which, for countless centuries, has always contained more than half of humanity. Together, Asia, Africa and Latin America now contain almost ﬁve-sixths; and that proportion is still rising, because many countries in those regions have relatively high rates of population growth. By contrast, rates of natural growth are generally low in European and East Asian countries, and in some of them growth has stopped, although immigration may keep the population ﬁgures rising.