chapter  2
11 Pages

Introduction, ecology, taxonomy and economic importance of fungi in buildings

Fungi form a distinct group of organisms within the plant kingdom which is now regarded as a separate kingdom of the living world, with the same status as the plant and animal kingdoms. A fairly diverse range of organisms is included within the fungal kingdom. Every living being on earth, animals (including humans) and plants are harmed or benefited directly or indirectly by fungi. Fungi are notorious in buildings as they have been known to cause damage to structural timbers and interior decorative substrate, and cause concern about the indoor air quality. They are also known to cause damage to building contents and furnishings, for example carpets, furniture, leather goods, museum objects, books, paintings and clothes.