chapter  5
22 Pages

Urban-industrial development

This chapter focuses on a number of issues concerning urbanisation, industrialisation and development, although, as indicated in Chapter 4 and in Box 5.1, agriculture remains an important occupation in many

urban centres in the developing world (see also Figure 4.1). The first section presents a summary, together with statistical evidence, of some of the main points about this topic normally discussed at greater length, but available elsewhere. As with many aspects of ‘urban geography’, these have been presented in some detail in another volume in the same series as this book: Urban Geography, by Tim Hall. In his book, Hall uses the classification of different types of cities made by Savage and Warde (1993): Third World cities, cities in socialist countries, global (world) cities, older (former industrial) cities, and new industrial cities. He focuses primarily on the urban geography of the last three of these types. In

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these pages we consider especially Third World cities, the largest of which are of course also ‘world’ cities, but the main emphasis here is on the problems, processes and policies of urbanisation and industrialisation and how these link into and affect the nature and extent of development, both locally and globally. This is central to any study of development geography: for many writers development is almost synonymous with urbanisation and its associated industrialisation.