An initial phase of the EA management process is the understanding of the manager's role in the context of the project and environmental procedures. In some situations the context and procedures are well defined and are established in regulations, law or policy (see Chapter 1). In such circumstances the project manager's role is often well, or partially, defined. However, in countries where EA procedures are less well defined there is a greater opportunity for flexibility and creativity for the management process. Indeed, EA procedures can in themselves be ignored. Bingham (1992) identifies five crucial steps that can benefit a project manager before commencing the management process. These are summarised in Table 6.1.