chapter  2
7 Pages

Globalization and the South: The Philippine experience

In the Philippine case, the Spaniards arrived with their Sword and Cross, initially imposing their rule by force of arms. Then they established a frailocracy, whereby the religious orders who came to own vast tracts of land, together with a favored class of Spanish officials, controlled the political, social, cultural and economic life of their native allies who were instrumental in securing the acquiescence of the natives through the propagation of religious passivity and fatalism. Religion colonized their consciousness and perpetuated their subservience.1