chapter  2
13 Pages

The establishment of dictatorship

Within days of his appointment as Chancellor, on 30 January 1933, Hitler requested a dissolution of the Reichstag so that he could increase the number of seats for the NSDAP. During the election campaign he made use of emergency decrees, issued under Article 48 of the Constitution, to hamstring the other parties, especially the SPD and KPD; the reason given for this was the Reichstag fire, which was blamed on the Communists. Although the NSDAP did not achieve an overall majority in the election, they did succeed in increasing the number of their seats from 196 to 288.