chapter  5
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PRIMAL ROOTS—CULTURE AND ECONOMICS

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Having provided you with a global perspective on management devcelopment through cultural diversity, we now turn to the primal domain generally, and to its roots specifically. The primal roots of management, lodged in fact relatively close to the surface, lie on the one hand in economics, and in Adam Smith’s ‘market economy’. Through the ‘market’, resources are allocated and controlled. Deeper down within the historical soil, and on the other hand, the primal roots reach cultural anthropology, inside primordial, Stone Age communities. Through such ‘culture’, physical and human nature is cultivated and values are exchanged and shared. The human being also evolves a sense of place.