chapter  1
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The first of the four keys to mastery, individually and organizationally, is the capacity for cumulative development. Managers as individuals, organizations in part and as a whole, and even societies, can be seen to develop in stages. Such development, however, is by no means inevitable. To the extent that it does take place, each person or institution will undergo a succession of identity crises, as each evolves from youth through to maturity Apple Computers, for example, at the time of writing, is going through one such crisis, as are the Eastern European countries, as they emerge from communism towards a form of capitalism. In this chapter we shall be focusing on the developmental stages underlying the international economy as a whole, on the one hand, and the individual business, on the other. The development of yourself as a manager will be reviewed in each of the respective management domains.