There are a number of intuitively satisfactory but logically incomplete ways of expressing that problem in philosophy which has come to be known as ‘the problem of evil’. The most common form is the question, ‘Why does God allow evil?’ This is not yet the problem of evil, however. For it is not a problem at all, but only a question. After all, why shouldn’t God allow evil? The answer to this in the Jewish and Christian traditions is that God is supposed to be wholly good. A real problem rapidly starts to emerge.