chapter  6
14 Pages

Fascist foreign policy, 1922–39

The whole thrust of Fascist foreign policy was determined by an ideology, deriving from pre-war Nationalism, which was constructed around strong elements of imperialism and romanita-the myth of Rome-and social Darwinism. Mussolini endorsed Enrico Corradini’s idea of ‘the international class struggle of the proletarian against the plutocratic nations’, and Italy was, of course, a ‘proletarian nation’. Fascism, like pre-war Nationalism, believed in the necessity and virtue of war.