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Al-Muwailihi’s Criticism of Shawqi’s Introduction

In a recently published paper Roger Allen draws attention to the importance of the criticism, levelled by Muhammad al-Muwailihi at Ahmad Shawqi’s Introduction to the first publication of the Shawqiyyat for understanding the earlier phases of modern Arabic literature.1 With the passage of time both the Introduction and the Criticism seem to be gaining a great deal as major statements of two prominent Egyptian literary figures at the turn of the century. It is no wonder that these documents appear now to merit even closer study.