Whose nation? Whose state? Racial/ethnic divisions and ‘the nation’
In the last chapter we explored the concepts of race and racism. In this chapter we shall examine the concepts of nation and nationalism and the ways in which they can become racialized. In the first part of this chapter we look at issues such as nationalism, ethnicity and the state; producers and reproducers of nationalist ideologies; different kinds of nationalist projects; and the ways in which citizenship, culture, religion and origin relate to nationalism and to racist exclusions. In the second part of the chapter we explore these themes in relation to Britain. We look at the changing boundaries of the British national collectivity and at how legislation and ideology affect them.