chapter  1
29 Pages


Alice's question, at the beginning of a book which itself contributed much to the tradition of Victorian book illustration, conceals an important assumption - that, by 1865, when the text was written, the illustrated book had become a primary form of literary entertainment. Defining the use of a book with pictures would by implication have been no trouble at all to Alice - it provided something that was more entertaining and less taxing than a book with neither pictures nor conversation. But when we move out of this world of Victorian certainties, to ask what the visual text contributes to the verbal, and what is the nature of the dual discourse that is produced by an illustrated text that truly unifies the two, the answer is far from straightforward.