chapter  7
15 Pages

Microphone Measurements, Standards, and Specifications

In this chapter we discuss the performance parameters of microphones that form the basis

of specification documents and other microphone literature. While some microphone

standards are applied globally, others are not, and this often makes it difficult to compare

similar models from different manufacturers. Some of the differences are regional and

reflect early design practice and usage. Specifically, European manufacturers developed

specifications based on modern recording and broadcast practice using condenser

microphones, whereas traditional American practice was based largely on standards

developed in the early days of ribbon and dynamic microphones designed originally for

the US broadcasting industry. Those readers who have a special interest in making

microphone measurements are referred to the standards documents listed in the

bibliography.