Whether you start with found footage, black leader or clear there is a corollary process to the film-destroy and that is creation on the very surface of the celluloid often without use of a film camera as a generative device. There are those who start with an entirely blank canvas of clear film and draw or paint directly on the surface. Sometimes the artist will also use lab processes and/or printing to produce mattes or rephotograph series of images. Sometimes the artist relies entirely on his or her handicraft and makes an entire film through the careful, frame-by-frame rendering of an image. Whereas the last chapter was mostly about taking away, this chapter is about adding. It is about making something completely new that usually has little or no camera involved but nevertheless is still cinema. Film doesn’t require a camera to be a movie.