chapter  Chapter 1
14 Pages

Ends

WithJohn Kleinig

Inter alia, humans such as ourselves are end-oriented agents. Our ends provide reasons for action and their pursuit centers, and gives meaning to our experience. Generally, our ends, which may be intermediate or final, have normative significance, either in themselves or for some further end (for which they are intended as means). We may have multiple ends, though whether they are all subsumable under some all-encompassing end (such as living well), as some have thought, is contestable, as is the view that (final) ends, unlike means, are not subject to rational deliberation.