R for College Mathematics and Statistics encourages the use of R in mathematics and statistics courses. Instructors are no longer limited to ``nice'' functions in calculus classes. They can require reports and homework with graphs. They can do simulations and experiments. R can be useful for student projects, for creating graphics for teaching, as well as for scholarly work. This book presents ways R, which is freely available, can enhance the teaching of mathematics and statistics.
R has the potential to help students learn mathematics due to the need for precision, understanding of symbols and functions, and the logical nature of code. Moreover, the text provides students the opportunity for experimenting with concepts in any mathematics course.
- Does not require previous experience with R
- Promotes the use of R in typical mathematics and statistics course work
- Organized by mathematics topics
- Utilizes an example-based approach
- Chapters are largely independent of each other
Importing Data into R
Functions and Their Graphs
A Piecewise-Defined Function. A Step Function. Polar Coordinates. Parametric Equations. Geometric Definition of a Parabola. Functions that Return a Function. Phythagorean Triples and a Checkerboard Plot.
Graphing Functions. Scatter Plots. Dot, Pie, and Bar Charts. A look for loops. Boxplot with a Stripchart. Histogram.
Basic Polynomial Operations. The LCM and GCD of Polynomials. Illustrating Roots of a Degree–Three Polynomial. Creating Pascal’s Triangle with Polynomial Coefficients. Calculus with Polynomials. Taylor Polynomial of Sin(x). Legendre Polynomials.
Sequences, Series, and Limits
Sequences and Series. The Derivative as a Limit. Recursive Sequences.
Symbolic Differentiation. Finding Maximum, Minimum, and Inflection Points. Graphing a Function and Its Derivative. Graphing a Function with Tangent Lines. Shading the Normal Density Curve Outside the Inflection Points.
Riemann Sums and Integration
Riemann Boxes. Numerical Integration. Numerical Integration of Iterated Integrals. Area Between two Curves. Graphing an Antiderivative.
Planes, Surfaces, Rotations, and Solids
Interactive: Surface Plots. Interactive: Rotations around the x-axis. Interactive: Geometric Solids.
Exponential Fit. Polynomial Fit. Log Fit. Logistic Fit. Power Fit.
A Coin Flip Simulation. An Elevator Problem. A Monty Hall Problem. Chuck-A-Luck. The Buffon Needle Problem. The Deadly Board Game.
The Central Limit Theorem and Z-test
A Central Limit Theorem Simulation. Z Test and Interval for One Mean. Z Test and Interval for Two Means.
T Test and Intervals for One and Two Means. Paired T-Test. Illustrating the Meaning of a Confidence Interval Simulation.
Tests and intervals for One and Two Proportions. Illustrating the Meaning of α Simulation.
Multiple Linear Regression.
Nonparametric Statistical Tests
Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test for a Single Population. Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test for Independent Groups. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test for Dependent Data. Spearman’s Rank Correlation Coefficient. Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance.
Miscellaneous Statistical Tests
One-way ANOVA. Stacking Data. Chi-Square Tests. Testing Standard Deviations.
Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors and other Operations. Row Operations.
Newton’s Law of Cooling. The Logistic Equation. Predator-Prey Mode.
Some Discrete Mathematics
Binomial Coefficients, Pascal’s Triangle, and a Little Number Theory. Set Theory. Venn Diagrams. Power Set, Cartesian Product, and Intervals. A Cantor Set Example. Graph Theory. Creating and Displaying Graphs. Random Graphs. Some Graph Invariants.