This book sets out how contemporary Iranian scholars have approached the Qurʾān during recent decades. It particularly aims to explore the contributions of scholars that have emerged in the post 1979-revolution era, outlining their primary interpretive methods and foundational theories regarding the reading of the Qurʾān.
Examining issues such as the status of women, democracy, freedom of religion and human rights, this book analyses the theoretical contributions of several Iranian scholars, some of which are new to the English-speaking academy. The hermeneutical approaches of figures such Abdolkarim Soroush, Muhammad Mojtahed Shabestari, Mohsen Kadivar, Hasan Yousefi-Eshkevari, Abolqasem Fanaie and Mostafa Malekian are presented and then analysed to demonstrate how a contextualist approach to the Qu’ran has been formed in response to the influence of Western Orientalism. The effect of this approach to the Qu’ran is then shown to have wide-ranging effects on Iranian society.
This study reveals Qu’ranic thought that has been largely overlooked by the West. It will, therefore. Be of great use to academics in Religious, Islamic and Qurʾānic studies as well as those studying the culture of Iran and the Middle East more generally.
Part I: Introduction and Reception of Western Scholars’ Approaches to the Qurʾān in Iran; Introduction; 1 Reception of Western Scholars’ Approaches to the Qurʾān in Iran: Orientalism Refuted; Part II: Approaches of Contextualist Iranian Scholars towards Interpretation of the Qurʾān; 2 Abdolkarim Soroush; 3 Muhammad Mujtahed Shabestar; 4 Hasan Yousefi-Eshkevari; 5 Mohsen Kadivar; 6 Abolqasem Fanaei; 7 Mostafa Malekian; Part III: Contextualist Approaches in Practice; 8 Gender Issues; 9 Pluralism and Freedom of Religion; 10 Human Rights, Democracy and Methods of Governance; Part IV: Concluding Remarks