Gandhi and the Indian nationalist movement to 1920
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 into a Hindu family of the Vaisya caste. Gandhi’s teenage life was rather different from that of a teenager in western Europe. Gandhi knew that if the Indians were ever to make their voices heard by the government in South Africa, they must have self-respect. Gandhi organised a mass march and the government reacted with predictable violence. When Gandhi returned to India in 1915, he was a great admirer of the British. He helped the war cause by carrying out recruiting campaigns for the British army. Gandhi hoped to train people to go out and try to solve some of India’s terrible social problems. Gandhi was initially concerned with revitalising the Indian villages. He felt they had been ruined by western capitalism. Gandhi, deeply grieved at what had happened, tried to enter the Punjab to restore peace.